Séminaire AMAP - Questionnements scientifiques

Drivers of ectomycorrhizal diversity in Europe

07/03/2024 de 11h00 à 12h00PS 2 salle 201

Ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi are symbiotic partners to major tree species in boreal, temperate, and seasonally dry tropical forests. They play a crucial role in tree nutrition and are increasingly recognised for their role in soil carbon sequestration. However, these communities could be approaching a tipping point in response to nitrogen pollution, leading to a phosphorus deficiency in trees and cascading negative effects on forest health. My work aims at quantifying the responses of ECM fungal diversity and functionality to changes in climate, soil chemistry and atmospheric nitrogen (N) pollution.
Using a dataset of ECM communities in 137 European forest plots (ICP Network) in 20 countries, we show that ECM diversity and species composition are driven by host distribution, soil, climate, and N pollution. Among some key results, taxonomic and phylogenetic diversity suggest both the selection for nitrogen tolerant competitive species and local species extinctions across different clades. We also find tree host-specific climate influences, and the selection of nutrient acquisition and C sequestration-related functional traits by N pollution.
I will finally present my ongoing and coming works aimed at further quantifying and causally understanding how these environmental changes will modify forest nutrient balance and dynamics.
The project I am now developing will use experimental and large-scale observational approaches to address these questions, and importantly will extend these data collections and analyses to ECM and understudied vegetation types in Central and Southern Africa.