FSPM - Functional Structural Plant Models

Mots clés

Our goal is to better understand and predict plant development, growth and yield according to the genotype and local environment. We use numerical models that couples biophysical processes, ecophysiology, and architecture to simulate the determining factors in the system.

The understanding and prediction of plant functioning is hampered by the inherent difficulty to measure state variables for all structural components in a system, such as leaf illumination, carbon assimilation, carbon sinks...
Functional-Structural Plant Models (FSPM) addresses this lack of information using various modules to calculate the processes that determine above and belowground plant functioning such as light interception, carbon assimilation, water and nutrients uptake, biomass production and yield. The modules we use are implementations of our own models (e.g. MIR and MUSC in Archimed, RoCoCau, GreenLab) or implementations of existing models (e.g. Farquhar for photosynthesis). In some cases, we also couple different models, such as STICS that our radiative modules allow to spatialize.
Our ambition is a close coupling between simulated and measured processes to allow either forcing the processes that we do not have the data to parameterize, or remove a degree of freedom in the simulation. For example, we use LiDAR scans to compute the radiative climate under trees, hereby avoiding the necessity of generating complex 3D representations. Ultimately, we evaluate the ability of the models to predict in situ observations.
We use experimental setups to carry out detailed measurements to finely parameterize the growth and functioning processes, and thus predict yields according to genetic, climatic and edaphic data. Modelling the system at fine scale then allows us to identify which processes can be entirely simulated or simplified to reduce labour-intensive field measurements.
On a more academic level, we seek to identify the determinants of plant growth, development and yield according to the plant species and environment. Models helps us evaluate different long-lasting paradigms such as sources (photosynthesis) or sink (growth and maintenance respirations) driven growth, or even trophic and hydraulic hypotheses related to the architectural plasticity of plants (e.g. branch autonomy).
The skills in botany, plant architecture, computer science and mathematics within AMAP are essential to address these issues.
Our models are mostly applied to make recommendations on the choice of plant material (ideotypes) and cultivation practices (e.g. planting density, pruning, irrigation) depending on the local environment by predicting e.g. crop yields, wood biomass or carbon sequestration. They are also used to design agroforestry systems, evaluate the impact of climate changes on crops, compute water and carbon balance at plot level, evaluate yield losses due to diseases or pest attacks...

In addition to in situ measurements and experiments with our partners in France, Indonesia, French Guyana, China, South and central America and Africa, we develop digital platforms for FSPM modelling (e.g. Archimed, AMAPStudio) and pipelines for data acquisition and analysis (e.g. for LiDAR)..

Acronym Title Duration
Project PI: Fabien LIAGRE (Agroof)  
2018 - 2021
CaSSECSCarbon Sequestration and greenhouse gas emissions in (agro) Sylvopastoral Ecosystems in the sahelian CILSS States
Project PI: Paulo SALGADO   
2020 - 2023
COCOA4FUTURECocoa4Future : Sustainability of production systems and new dynamics in the cocoa sector
Project PI: Patrick JAGORET (CIRAD)  
2020 - 2024

ADJI Beda Innocent 2018 - 2021. Modélisation de la croissance et du développement d'espèces végétales forestières indigènes. Université de Montpellier. Dir : AKAFFOU DOFFOU Sélastique / Co-dir. : JAEGER Marc

LEMIERE Laetitia 2020 - 2023. Contribuer à la formalisation de la description des systèmes agroforestiers et doit aboutir à l'implémentation d'applications de réalité augmentée et à leur évaluation auprès d'agriculteurs, de lycées agricoles et de conseillers agroforestiers.. Ecole doctorale : GAIA / Montpellier SupAgro . Dir : JAEGER Marc / Co-dir. : GOSME Marie

Scientific papers

Publications HAL de la collection AMAP


Journal articles

Philippe de Reffye, Baogang Hu, Mengzhen Kang, Véronique Letort, Marc Jaeger. Two decades of research with the GreenLab model in Agronomy. Annals of Botany, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2021, 127 (3), pp.281-295. ⟨10.1093/aob/mcaa172⟩. ⟨hal-02950606⟩
Accès au texte intégral et bibtex
https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02950606/file/mcaa172.pdf BibTex


Journal articles

Véronique Letort, Sylvie Sabatier, Michelle Pamelas Okoma, Marc Jaeger, Philippe de Reffye. Internal trophic pressure, a regulator of plant development? Insights from a stochastic functional–structural plant growth model applied to Coffea trees. Annals of Botany, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2020, 126 (4), pp.687-699. ⟨10.1093/aob/mcaa023⟩. ⟨hal-02945618⟩
Accès au bibtex
Virginie Moreaux, Simon Martel, Alexandre Bosc, Delphine Picart, David Achat, et al.. Energy, water and carbon exchanges in managed forest ecosystems: description, sensitivity analysis and evaluation of the INRAE GO+ model, version 3.0. Geoscientific Model Development Discussions, Copernicus Publ, 2020, 13 (12), pp.5973-6009. ⟨10.5194/gmd-13-5973-2020⟩. ⟨hal-03051411⟩
Accès au texte intégral et bibtex
https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03051411/file/gmd-13-5973-2020.pdf BibTex
Rémi Vezy, Guerric Le Maire, Mathias Christina, Selena Georgiou, Pablo Imbach, et al.. DynACof: A process-based model to study growth, yield and ecosystem services of coffee agroforestry systems. Environmental Modelling and Software, Elsevier, 2020, 124, pp.104609. ⟨10.1016/j.envsoft.2019.104609⟩. ⟨hal-02488996⟩
Accès au bibtex
  • Montpellier : UMRs AGAP, Eco&Sols, BioAgresseur, Diade, BioWooEB; PME Bionatics SA
  • France : CentraleSupélec (Saclay)
  • International : CATIE (Costa Rica), Université de Viçosa (Brésil), Réseau scientifique STICS, Institut d’Automatique de l’Académie des Sciences de Chine. Université de Daola (RCI).