EASE - Applied ecology and ecosystem services

Keywords
Multifunctionality of ecosystems
Functional features, biophysics
Environmental degradation, Risks Natural disasters,
Ecological restoration
Ecosystem moddeling

To understand, anticipate and assess the impacts of global changes on the ecosystem services provided by human-made or natural ecosystems in order to enable their sustainable and multi-functional management. Reflect on the clusters of such services (where they are numerous and interdependent), study them as such and question their conceptual relevance.

To meet this challenge, it is essential to work in an interdisciplinary way, in order to understand not only the dynamics of each function/service, but also their interactions. We are particularly interested in: (i) the characterisation of mechanisms and patterns (state, value and vulnerability of Ecosystem services) at different spatiotemporal scales and their relationships (conflicts and synergies); (ii) the assessment of the impact of changes and the response of ecosystem services in order to evaluate the optimal state of the multifunctionality of ecosystems and identify levers for action (e.g. vegetation management scenario); (ii) the development of concepts and tools adapted to the sustainable management of ecosystem services, especially when they are numerous and interdependent (often referred to as conflicts and/or synergies).

The main worksites are located in the south of France (road embankments; Camargue), in French Guiana (tropical forest), Central Africa and Mexico (underground services), and in central and southern China (restoration). Our work is based on: in situ measurements and observations of functional services/traits (morphology, anatomy, biomechanics and biochemistry); modelling and simulation of networked ecosystem processes (Capsis platform, DORIAN Ecoservet model); experimentation on biotic and abiotic processes (under controlled conditions in greenhouses, rain simulation, marking with stable isotopes, etc.).

Acronym Title Duration
ChroNickLe chrome et le nickel dans les sols de Nouvelle-Calédonie: Influence des forçages environnementaux et humains sur la biodisponibilité et la mobilité vers la ressource en eau
Project PI: Farid JUILLOT   
2019 - 2022
ECO-MOUNTAINEnvironmental connectivity as the keystone to ecological restoration of degraded European mountains
Project PI: Alexia STOKES 
2020 - 2022
Guyapatur IIGuyapatur II
Project PI: Cédric Péret (Chambre d'agriculture)  / Vincent Blanfort (Cirad SELMET)  
2020 - 2021
OPUS VIOPtimizing the USe of Vegetation for a multifunctional transporting Infrastructure
Project PI: Zhun MAO 
2018 - 2021
PIRAT-CORMIERAnalyse du dépérissement des cormiers dans les systèmes agroforestiers méditerranéens
Project PI: Marilyne LAURANS 
2020 - 2021

BARNES Annaêl 2020 - 2023. Accompagner la compensation écologique d’implantations minières dans les zones arides d’Asie centrale : une approche en termes de services écosystémiques. Ecole doctorale : GAIA / Montpellier SupAgro . Dir : SALGADO Paulo / Co-dir. : STOKES Alexia

COSME Maximilien 2018 - 2021. Modèle discret d'agro-écosystèmes spatialisés. Ecole doctorale : GAIA / Université de Montpellier. Dir : GAUCHEREL Cédric

FLOTTERER Boris 2019 - 2022. Dynamique naturelle et aménagement durable de la forêt boréale : apports des modèles discrets pour caractériser les trajectoires. Ecole doctorale : Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes / Université PSL - EPHP. Dir : HELY-ALLEAUME Christelle / Co-dir. : GAUCHEREL Cédric

Nationals
South America
Asia
Europe