Ecosystem-based Adaptation and Changemaking to Shape, Protect and Maintain the Resilience of Tomorrow’s Forests

Duration : 2023 - 2027
Research program : HorizonEurope
Geographic extension : International


In eco2adapt we will develop the Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) framework, derived from Nature-Based Solutions (NBS), that harnesses biodiversity and ecosystem services to reduce vulnerability and build social-ecological resilience to climate change. We will work in Living Labs in Europe and China, located in climate hotspots, and adopt a cutting-edge Decision Theatre approach to investigate how forest managers integrate disturbance and vulnerability into decision-making. Scenarios of how disturbance affects forest dynamics and ecosystem services at a landscape scale will be derived through modelling, and in Living Labs, stakeholders will learn how their choices affect ecosystem services in neighbouring forests. We will combine interdisciplinary knowledge from scientists and stakeholders in Europe and China to understand perception and provide incentivization for adopting EbA solutions, through local capacity-building and national policy plans. Through the same Decision Theatre methodology, we will use a capacity building approach to create and promote innovative technical, economic and governance mechanisms at a regional level. Semantic technology will be applied to create a knowledge base for hosting FAIR data and creating a SmartPhone Application (named the OneForest ToolBox) that allows users to access and add data concerning climate-resilient species, provenances, mixtures, management techniques and ecosystem services, whilst taking into account future uncertainties about climate and societal changes. We also provide a suite of cutting-edge tools to monitor vulnerability and resilience (including invasive species and above-and belowground biodiversity), at all levels of society – from the citizen to the policy-maker. By including tailored communication to all levels of society, we will reach out to a broad audience that has the capacity to cause positive change.


  • Institut National de Recherche pour l'Agriculture, l'Alimentation et l'Environnement (INRAE)
  • Centre de Cooperation Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Developpement - C.I.R.A.D. EPIC (CIRAD)
  • ITA-Suomen Yliopisto - University of Eastern Finland (UEF)
  • GCF - Global Climate Forum e.V. (GCF)
  • European Forest Institute (EFI)
  • Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement (IRD)
  • Université de Montpellier (UM)
  • Albert-Ludwigs-Universitaet Freiburg (ALUFR)
  • Geoponiko Panepistimion Athinon - Agricultural University of Athens (AUA)
  • Nature Based Solutions Institute AB (NBSI)
  • Bitcomp Oy (Bitcomp)
  • Universita degli Studi di Firenze (UNIFI)
  • InNovaSilva ApS (InNovaSilva)
  • ForestRe Limited (FORRE)
  • Institute for multidisciplinary Research, University of Belgrade (IMSI)
  • Suomen metsäkeskus – Finish Forest Center (FFC)
  • Vytauto Didziojo Universitetas – Vytautas Magnus University (VMU)
  • Max-Planck-Gesellschaft Zur Forderung Der Wissenschaften Ev (MPI)
  • Consorci Centre De Ciencia I Tecnologia Forestal De Catalunya (CTFC)
  • Universitatea Transilvania Din Brasov (UNITBV)
  • INRAE Transfert SAS (INRAE-T)
  • Office National Des Forets (ONF)
  • Green Estates Oy (Green Estates)
  • NEPCon FMBA – Preferred by Nature (PBN)
  • Eidgenoessische Technische Hochschule Zuerich (ETHZ)
  • Chinese Academy of Forestry (CAF)
  • International Centre for Bamboo and Rattan (ICBR)
  • Zhejiang Agricultural and Forestry University (ZAFU)
  • South China Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (SCBG-CAS)
  • Peking University (PKU)
  • Central South University of Forestry and Technology (CSUFT)