BIOMIME - Functional biology and biomimetics

Keywords
Biomechanics
Climbing plants
Biomimetics
Plant development
Bio-inspired Soft Robotics

Our research aims to develop new approaches for exploring biomechanical properties of plants to answer fundamental questions in functional biology, ecology, and evolution and develop biomimetic applications. We are developing projects for the transfer of biological properties to technological applications through interdisciplinary approaches and industrial partnerships.

We study the biomechanical properties and functional traits of a wide range of herbaceous and woody plants and for a variety of questions encompassing: Functional trait evolution, ecological significance of biomechanical traits such as stem stiffness, rigidity, and resistance to perturbation and in particular the importance of developmental timing of plant traits for understanding ecological and evolutionary processes as well as biomimetic innovations. One of our main models for biomimetic innovation are climbing plants. We are studying the growth, reaching, and spanning capabilities, movements, attachment structures and the adaptive shift from highly stiff to highly flexible mechanical properties of the stems. Climbing plants are an exceptional source of inspiration for new types of movement-by-growth robotic artefacts. We are currently working with a diverse range of collaborators to develop a new generation of robots inspired by and based on climbing plants.

AMAP's biomechanics and histology platform allowing (1) mechanical measurements (in the laboratory and in the field) and (2) anatomical preparations and measurements. The main projects and international collaborations are carried out in Europe, French Guiana, Brazil and in the Republic of Congo.

HATTERMANN Tom 2019 - 2022. Les plantes sécrétrices d'exsudats en Guyane française / une analyse de leur importance, de leurs rôles fonctionnels et leurs potentiels biomimétiques en robotique douce. Ecole doctorale : GAIA / Université de Montpellier. Dir : ROWE Nicholas

KACAMAK Asli Begum 2020 - 2023. Stratégies écologiques des lianes africaines en milieu stable et perturbé : des modèles bio-inspirants pour la robotique douce.. Ecole doctorale : GAIA / Université de Montpellier. Dir : ROWE Nicholas / Co-dir. : ROSSI Vivien

Scientific papers

Publications HAL de la collection AMAP

2021

Journal articles

ref_biblio
Anil Bastola, Patricia Soffiatti, Marc Behl, Andreas Lendlein, Nick P. Rowe. Structural performance of a climbing cactus: making the most of softness. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, the Royal Society, 2021, 18 (178), ⟨10.1098/rsif.2021.0040⟩. ⟨hal-03231930⟩
Accès au texte intégral et bibtex
https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03231930/file/Bastola_etal_J_Roy_Soc_Interface_2021_18.pdf BibTex
ref_biblio
Anil Bastola, Nadia Rodriguez, Marc Behl, Patricia Soffiatti, Nick P. Rowe, et al.. Cactus-inspired design principles for soft robotics based on 3D printed hydrogel-elastomer systems. Materials and Design, Elsevier, 2021, 202, pp.109515. ⟨10.1016/j.matdes.2021.109515⟩. ⟨hal-03173025⟩
Accès au texte intégral et bibtex
https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03173025/file/1-s2.0-S026412752100068X-main.pdf BibTex

2020

Journal articles

ref_biblio
Patricia Soffiatti, Nick P. Rowe. Mechanical Innovations of a Climbing Cactus: Functional Insights for a New Generation of Growing Robots. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, Frontiers Media S.A., 2020, 7, ⟨10.3389/frobt.2020.00064⟩. ⟨hal-02892041⟩
Accès au texte intégral et bibtex
https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02892041/file/frobt-07-00064-1.pdf BibTex
  • T. Speck – Université Freiburg, Allemagne
  • P. Soffiatti – Université de Parana State, Brésil
  • C. Neinhuis – Université de Dresde, Allemagne

The GrowBot consortium is composed of 9 participants (7 public and 2 private):

  • Fondazione Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia (IIT), Italie
  • Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht (HZG), Allemagne
  • Tel Aviv University (TAU), Israël
  • Gran Sasso Science Institute (GSSI), Italie
  • Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna (SSSA), Italie
  • University of Freiburg (UF), Allemagne
  • Alleantia and Linari Engineering (ALE), Italie
  • Arkyne Technologies SL –Bioo), Espagne
  • UFPR Universidade Federal do Parana, Brazil
  • S. Gourlet Fleury, E. Fourni, V. Rossi (CIRAD Forêts et Sociétés)