Theme MPPM - Maths for Plants and Plants for Maths


Statistics, mathematical modelling and numerical simulations are useful methods and tools to study complex systems in biology, agronomy and ecology. Among these systems, our focus is on natural plant populations and crops in tropical environment, related to global changes. We also study plant-insect interactions.
In most of these systems, the biological, agronomical or ecological processes are not necesseraly well known. Thus, according to the (initial) scientific question, different mathematical approaches are possible. Among them, mathematical modelling allows not only to represent (formalize) and simulate (very) complex systems, but also to study deeply the behaviour of these systems (based on theoretical results).
However, if mathematics are widely used in many areas of life sciences, they are, paradoxically, underused (except statistics) in plant area.

Scientific objectives

The MPPM theme aims to use (common or new) theoretical and numerical approaches, as well as to develop/propose analytical tools.
Our objective is to focus on the dialogue between thematic issues and the exploration of new modelling formalisms.

Expected results

  •  Mathematical tools/methods/approaches that allow to go further in the study of plants and their interactions with the environment.
  •  Fundamental and applied reseach in Mathematics in Plant area

Scientific projects

Acronym Title Duration/th>
EPITAGModélisation et Contrôle en Epidémiologie pour l’Agronomie Tropicale2017 - 2019
PHC DUMONT-DURVILLESimulation du transport de sucrose dans le phloeme des arbres2017 - 2018
FRUIT FLY INVASIONSBiological Control and Mathematical Modelling 2015 - 2016
ELA-PALMModélisation des Interactions Elaeidobius-Palmier2014 - 2020
ROSOMInfluence of root-soil mechanical interaction on the variability of root architecture2013 - 2016

Major publications

All major publications 2019
  • Chapwanya, M., Dumont, Y., 2018. On crop vector-borne diseases. Impact of virus lifespan and contact rate on the traveling-wave speed of infective fronts. Ecological Complexity, 34 : 119-133. [Lien éditeur]
  • Peynaud, E., 2018. Simulation of a time dependent advection-reaction-diffusion problem using operator splitting and discontinuous Galerkin methods with application to plant root growth. Biomath, 7 (2) : 1-19. [Lien éditeur]
  • Yatat Djeumen, V., Tchuinte Tamen, A., Dumont, Y., Couteron, P., 2018. A tribute to the use of minimalistic spatially-implicit models of savanna vegetation dynamics to address broad spatial scales in spite of scarce data. Biomath, 7 (2) : 1-29. [Lien éditeur]
  • Yang, M., Défossez, P., Danjon, F., Dupont, S., Fourcaud, T., 2017. Which root architectural elements contribute the best to anchorage of Pinus species? Insights from in silico experiments. Plant and Soil, 411 (1) : 275-291. [Lien éditeur]
  • Laugier, G. J. M., Le Moguedec, G., Su, W., Tayeh, A., Soldati, L., Serrate, B., Estoup, A., Facon, B., 2016. Reduced population size can induce quick evolution of inbreeding depression in the invasive ladybird Harmonia axyridis. Biological Invasions, 18 (10) : 2871-2881. [Lien éditeur]

Image gallery